Blacklisted Hollywood screenwriter Dalton Trumbo (1905 1976) did not do himself any favors when he wrote the attached essay outlining his sympathies for Stalin's Soviet Union at the expense of the United States. A year later he would find himself in the hot-seat in front of the House Un-American Activities Committee (1938 - 1975) where his non-cooperation landed him eleven months in the hoosegow on contempt of Congress charges.
*Watch Dalton Trumbo Testify Before the House Committee on Un-American Activities*
The years 1947 and 1948 was a rough patch for Hollywood - and journalist James Felton did a favor for all those geeky film historians yet unborn for documenting their myriad travails in the attached article.
Aside from a major drop in box-office receipts, the most time consuming inconvenience involved U.S. Representative J. Parnell Thomas (1895 1970) and his cursed House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) that threatened to reduce their profits to an even further degree:
"When the hearings opened in Washington last year, the producers made a brave show at first, but it was soon evident that they were full, not of strength, but fear. They feared censorship; they feared Fascism and a resultant anti-Semitic wave. So they opposed Thomas for a while, and defended their writers and directors. But both fears were soon subordinated to the fear of financial loss."
Despite the catchy title, Novelist James M. Cain, did not even attempt to answer the question as to how lousy Hollywood was with dirty Reds, however he did spell out that there were enough of them in the industry to bring production to a halt, if they ever cared to do so. Cain's article encourages both the executive class and the pinko-wordsmiths to walk the middle path and keep the cameras rolling.
Click here to read a review of James M. Cain's novel, "The Butterfly".
Months after his appearance as a spectator at the House Committee on Un-American Activities, actor Humphrey Bogart wrote this article for the editors of PHOTOPLAY MAGAZINE addressing the topic of communist infiltration in the Hollywood film industry:
"Why single out Hollywood? As Bob Montgomery and Ronald Reagan said, we have a minute percentage of of Commies, but they are under control. Why didn't Washington single out the auto industry or the coal industry, or the Newspaper Guild?"
"In the final analysis, this House Committee probe has had one salutary effect. It has cleared the air by indicating what a minute number of Commies there really are in the film industry. Though headlines may have screamed of the Red menace in the movies, all the wind and the fury actually proved that there's been no Communism injected on American movie screens."
Karen Morley (né Mildred Linton: 1909 2003) was an American movie actress whose last moment before the cameras was when she refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee during the early Winter of 1952.