A small notice from the closing weeks of the 1952 presidential contest between retired General Eisenhower (R) vs former Governor Adlai Stevenson (D) in which Senator Joseph McCarthy stepped forth to muddy the waters with one of his characteristic insults:
"Senator Joseph McCarthy (R., Wi.) accused Governor Stevenson of associating with left-wingers... McCarthy's attack, widely advertised in advance was carried on a $78,000 radio and television network. Stevenson denounced it in advance as a 'magnificent smear' and charged that General Eisenhower was responsible for it. But the GOP National Committee and Eisenhower advisers said they had nothing to do with it."
President Truman did his bit for the home team by dumping on Republican vice-presidential candidate Richard Nixon.
"The Truman Doctrine is the only road to lasting peace. Twice within 30 years the stubbornly-observed practice of 'minding our business' has brought war."
Stalin's death on March 5, 1953 generated a tremendous amount of uncertainty in the West, and a good deal of it is reflected in the attached column. A list of possible successors was provided; two of the names played an immediate roll in the governance of the Soviet Union: Georgy Malenkov (1902 – 1988) - who ruled for three days, until he was replaced by Nikolai Bulganin (1895 – 1975). Bulganin ran the shop until he, too, was replaced by Stalin's right-hand man: Nikita Khrushchev
(1894 – 1971) - who was known in some corners as "the hangman of the Ukraine".
As the April of 1949 was winding down, 11 members of the Communist Party U.S.A. were standing trial in a Federal courtroom spilling every secret they had in an all-out effort to lighten their load further down the road. Among these classified plots was a 1930s plan to invade the United States and create two separate Soviet "republics" - one White, the other Black. The region they had in mind for the African-Americans would cover nine of the old Confederate states.
A Quick Read About Soviet-Enforced Atheism Behind the Iron Curtain...
Illustrated with a chart that shows how much the U.S. Navy had shrunk after W.W. II and then expanded anew when faced with the war in Korea, this short article pertains to the various steps Congress was taking to meet the Soviet challenges abroad:
"A $2.3 billion ship-building and repair program, just approved by President Truman, will add a 57,800-ton carrier and 172 other new vessels to the fleet. And 291 more are to be demothballed-including 6 carriers, 12 cruisers, 194 destroyers.
[Stalin was incapable of responding to such growth, so he simply ordered the production of additional A-Bombs]
With the end of the Second World War in 1945 came numerous social changes to the nation. Among them was the Civil Rights movement, which slowly began to find followers in the white majority and acquire an unprecedented traction in Washington as a result of the Cold War (an article on this topic can be read here). It was these two factors, the Cold War and the Civil Rights movement, that combined in the Fifties to call for the creation of a new immigration policy. It would be naive to assume that race alone was the sole factor in drafting a more inclusive policy because, as the attached editorial implies, the Cold War climate demanded that the U.S. make more friends among the Developing Countries if the Soviets were to be defeated economically and militarily.
News editor of The Christian Science Monitor, Erwin Canham (1904 - 1982), made the case that if America was to succeed, changes would have to be made.:
"...Most deeply dangerous of all is that the United States might become the symbol of would-be white supremacy in the world... the tinted peoples of the world are on the march as never before. We must not be the symbol of their oppression, but of their hope."
Canham stressed that there was no benefit for the U.S. to be seen in league with the colonial powers of Old Europe and steps had to be taken to differentiate us from them. This editorial, and those of others like him, were heeded, and over time America began to clean house; rewriting the immigration laws (1965) and championing civil rights at home and abroad.