A 1948 article by the Nobel laureate Dr. Arthur Holly Compton (1892 – 1962) concerning the widespread understanding among nuclear physicists to wrestle control of atomic energy away from the military and firmly in the hands of civil authorities, where it's benefits can be put to general use and harnessed as positive force in the lives of all mankind.
Awarded the Nobel prize for physics in 1927, the Script Magazine editors believed that Arthur Compton, more than anyone else, deserved the title "Daddy of the Atomic bomb". When the U.S. Government decided to proceed with the research and development of this weapon, Compton was assigned the double task of attempting a nuclear chain reaction and of designing the bomb itself. Dr. Compton is remembered as the senior physicist at the Manhattan project who hired Dr. Robert Oppenheimer.
Click here to read an article about American public opinion during the early Cold War years
Click here to read about the invention of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile