As 1964 came to a close this venom-packed column was read by many in the white American middle-class and it must have seemed very clear to many among them that matters between the races would not be righted for decades to come. Written by the Harlem-born writer James Baldwin (1924 – 1987) on the occasion of the 1964 Harlem Race Riot, Baldwin did not simply denigrate the NYC Police Department but the culture, government and sacred documents of the entire nation.
Read this article about the Southerner who had a racial epiphany...
Click here to read a history of African-Americans between the years 1619 through 1939.
- a 2016 documentary from from Amazon:
Click here to read about the Harlem riot of 1964.