On the right is a The New York Times article that appeared some four months after the U.S. Congress declared war on Imperial Germany and it reported that the government was obligated to close all newspapers and magazines that called into question any effort to prosecute the war or support America's allies. The reporter made clear that the government was granted this power under "Title 1, section 1, 2, and 3 of Title 12 of the Espionage Act" (signed by President Wilson on June 13, 1917).
Although no publications were named, the reader will be able to recognize that the only ones slandered as "pro-German" were those that would appeal to the pro-labor oriented readers. A broad offering of offending quotes from these magazines can be read on the second page.
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