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Search Results for "PM "

The Champ is Gone (PM Tabloid, 1945)

This highly personal column appeared in one of New York City's evening papers and seemed characteristic of the feeling experienced by much of the U.S. after hearing about the unexpected death of President Roosevelt. Written by Joe Cummiskey, the column stands out as the type of remembrance that is thoroughly unique to those who write about sports all day long, which is who Mr. Commiskey was:

"Somehow or other, if you were in sports, you never thought of FDR so much as connected with the high office which he held. Rather, you remembered him most the way he'd chuckle, getting ready to throw out the the first ball to open the baseball season. Or how he'd sit on the 50 at the Army-Navy game..."

 

At The Front North Africa (PM Magazine, 1943)

Here is the PM movie review of At The Front North Africa directed by John Ford and produced by Darryl Zanuck for the U.S. Army Signal Corps. The reviewer seemed irked that the film only showed the Germans having a difficult time.

Click here to read about the American Army in North Africa...

• Watch At The Front North Africa

 

Red Drive Toward Rostov (PM Tabloid, 1942)

 

Murray Korman (PM Tabloid, 1942)

Brilliant photographer Ralph Steiner (1899 – 1986) spent some time examining the photographs of Murray Korman (1902 - 1961) and, to his surprise, came away finding his work to be very interesting:

"Murray Korman is the man whose pictures you see outside the musical shows and in girlie magazines... After four hours of looking I was dizzy. I figured that no man could take such pictures for 17 years and get satiated with lusciousness and bored by the sameness of the girls. I figured that all that kept Korman going was the profit motive. But when I went to his studio on Broadway I found I was all wrong."

 

The Surrendering Italians (PM Magazine, 1943)

"Italians who were assigned to the defense of key hill positions surrendered in droves as the U.S. attack intensified... Many of the Italians had been without food for two days. There water was exhausted. Some of the captives shamelessly wept as the Americans offered them food and cigarettes."

Click here to read about American POWs during the Vietnam War.

 

Production Delays (PM Tabloid, 1940)

The week the French Army collapsed was the week Hollywood experienced the greatest number of production delays. Studio wags believed it was an indicator as to just how many European refugees were employed on their stages. Studio bosses banned all radio and newspapers from their properties in hopes that each production would maintain their respective schedules.

 

''Guns On French Cliffs Shell British Ships
(PM Tabloid, 1940)

"A British convoy in the Straits of Dover today ran the gauntlet of terrific cannonade of long range German artillery on the French cliffs from Calais to Boulogne. The spectacular Channel bombardment was witnessed by thousands on the Dover cliffs. They reported that none of the 18 ships in the British convoy appeared to have been hit."

 

Jim Crow and the Draft (PM Tabloid, 1940)

Wishing to avoid some of the taint of racism that characterized the American military during the First World war, Republican Senator William Barbour (1888 - 1943) announced that he intended to introduce an amendment to the 1940 conscription legislation that would open all branches of the U.S. Military to everyone regardless of skin color. The article goes on to list all the various branches that practiced racial discrimination.

 

Allied Efforts in North Africa (PM Tabloid, 1943)

By the time this article appeared at the New York City newsstands, the British had chased Rommel's Afrika Korps out of Egypt, the Americans had suffered their first defeat at the Kasserine Pass and was in the process of walloping the Tenth Panzer at El Guettar. The anonymous general who penned this article took all that into consideration but believed there was much more fight left in the Germans than there actually was.

The U.S. 34th Division fought in Tunisia, click here to read about them.

 

All-In for the Eastern Front (PM Tabloid, 1942)

"In a message to the German Red Cross, Hitler referred to Russia as 'an enemy whose victory would mean the end of everything'"

"When Hitler says 'the end of everything' he means the end of Nazism."

 

The Fifth Column In America (PM Tabloid, 1942)

Sabotage, The Secret War Against America (Harper, 1942), is as exciting as a Hitchcock movie. It is also a tragic story, for it is the factual , documented narrative of the years when this country was the happy hunting ground for our enemies, foreign and domestic."

 

The German Eastward Thrust (PM Tabloid 1941)

"Sub-surface evidence that the war on the Russian Front is going into a more crucial phase is mounting... if the present German drive achieves the bulk of its objectives, the Russians will have had some of their resistance power taken away from them. They will not have quite the same communications, the same supply facilities or the same freedom of movement they have had to work with thus far."

 

Ground Zero, New Mexico (PM Tabloid, 1945)

Weeks after the atomic blast that took place over the city of Nagasaki, American Journalists were allowed to see the crystalized ground that was the Trinity test site in New Mexico. They pocketed the queer pieces of glass that made up ground zero and openly mocked the Japanese scientists who said the radioactivity in Hiroshima and Nagasaki was continuing to kill four weeks later.

 

A Pearl Harbor Day Recollection (PM Tabloid, 1942)

A year after the Pearl harbor attack, one of the PM journalists recalled for their readers how many Americans in the lower 48 had heard the news on the radio that evening.

 

German Army Thirsted for Grozny Oil (PM Tabloid, 1942)

The summer of 1942 found the German Army in the Soviet Union nearing the end of its oil reserves. It was decided that this problem could best be solved by seizing the Red oilfields of the Caucasus Mountains - and so began the Battle of the Caucasus (25 July 1942 – 12 May 1944).

 

Europe Enslaved (PM Tabloid, 1942)

"Today in Europe there are more slaves than ever existed on any continent at any time. Hitler had to fight for every one of them... They used gangs, particularly in Poland, to round up workers from the streets, to drag them from churches and theaters and even from homes to go to work in Germany."

At the time it was estimated that there were as many as 6,000,000 slaves in Germany; half of them were prisoners of war.

Click here to read about the enslavement of France...

 

Fair Employment Laws Enforced (PM Tabloid, 1942)

Some six months prior to Pearl Harbor FDR signed Executive Order 8802 which made it illegal for defense contractors to discriminate based on race or religious faith. Eight months later the President's Committee on Fair Employment Practices was convened in New York City to review the evidence at hand indicating that numerous defense contractors were failing to comply with the law.

 

The French Navy In The Balance (PM Tabloid, 1940)

 

Americans Answered The Call (PM Tabloid, 1942)

When it came across the wire that Fall of 1942 saw the U.S. Navy enlistments increase by 150%, the editors of PM were not slow to dispatch a team down to the induction center to check it out (at 67 Broad St., NYC).

Many, many African-Americans answered the call as well, but with understandable reservations...

 

Women In The War Effort (PM Tabloid, 1942)

Eight months into America's entry into the war came this article from PM reporting the War Manpower Commission and their data as to how many American women up to that point had stepped up to contribute their labor to the war effort (over 1,500,000):

"Women have been found to excel men in jobs requiring repetitive skill, finger dexterity and accuracy. They're the equals of men in a number of other jobs. A U.S. Employment Service has indicated women can do 80 percent of the jobs now done by men."

 

New Jersey Law Nabs Top Bundists (PM Tabloid, 1940)

In 1937 the elders of New Jersey passed a law that was tailor-made for the thugs of Camp Nordland. Knowing well who the Bundists were, the law clearly condemned

"'the unlawful assembly of three or more persons' and 'and the uttering of speeches, the sale of literature, display of emblems and uniforms which counseled... hatred, violence or hostility against groups of persons... by reason of race, color, religion or manner of worship.'"

In 1940 the law netted a harvest of the three highest Bund leaders.

 

Nazis Take Paris (PM Tabloid, 1940)

"Paris belongs to Adolf Hitler. Abandoned by the French and declared an open city to prevent its destruction, the capital of France was turned over whole to the Nazi invaders early this morning."

Click here to read about the 1944 liberation of Paris.

 

Watching American Fascisti (PM Tabloid, 1940)

A year and a-half before Pearl Harbor American law enforcement agencies got serious about the domestic fascist groups. This article pertains to a twenty-five page Federal order instructing the FBI and local authorities to tap phones and monitor the movements of all groups sympathetic to Axis philosophies.

 

French Slavery Becomes A Reality (PM Tabloid, 1942)

"Petain clamped the chains of Nazi slavery on the men and women of France today. The aged Marshal, Pierre Laval, and their quisling cabinet, promulgated a decree ordering all French men and women to compulsory labor. The decree, which the Government frankly admitted meant slavery in Germany for thousands of Frenchmen, was signed by Petain on Friday night."

Click here to read about the enslavement of Europe...

 

Congress Approved $5,000,000,000 Build-Up (PM Tabloid, 1940)

"To fulfill the [Pentagon's requirements] the President plans to send Congress one more defense message asking for another $5,000,000,000. After that, with machine industries saturated with orders, Congress can sit back and survey the defense picture - provided England doesn't collapse overnight... Acting Secretary of the Navy Compton announced yesterday the award of contracts for three aircraft carriers and two cruisers to the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co...."

 

Failing To Attract An Audience (PM Tabloid, 1940)

In spite of the incredible films that Hollywood churned out in 1939 - Gone With the Wind, The Wizard of Oz and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, it seemed that there were some folks in 1940 who just wouldn't be satisfied. This completely irked the citizens of Hollywood. And so the editor of Variety dispatched pollsters hither and yon to ask why they thought the movies stunk.

 

The Navy Tells It (PM Tabloid, 1942)

One year after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor the Navy released its report to the press with updates on all the various repairs that were put into effect.

 

Hitler Prepares to Visit Paris (PM Tabloid, 1940)

"The man who once peddled cleaning fluids on the crooked back streets of Vienna, today was preparing to march as conqueror into Paris beneath the arch built to commemorate the triumphs of Napoleon Bonaparte."

 

''White Man's War'' (PM Tabloid, 1942)

During the winter of 1942, Private Harry Carpenter, U.S Army, made a big honking mistake when he decided to declare that the current war was "a white man's war". Arrested by the MPs and carted-off to stand before Magistrate Thomas O'Hara, Carpenter found that he had reaped the whirlwind: he was charged with treason against the United States.

 

The Japanese Zero (PM Tabloid, 1942)

"Soon after Pearl Harbor Americans began hearing about a Japanese warplane called called the Zero. It had an unusual name, it was virtually unknown, even to aircraft experts, and almost immediately it began to take on an air of sinister mystery. Information now available shows there is no good reason for the mystery, although the plane has been a big factor in the Jap drive... The Zero has no secret weapons or engineering developments. It is simply a pretty good pursuit or fighter."

 

Night Attacks On Bataan (PM Tabloid, 1942)

Filed from General MacArthur's headquarters in Australia, here is Frank Hewlett's (1913 - 1983) eyewitness account of the defense American positions in the Philippines (January 7 – April 9, 1942).

 

Despair and Hunger (PM Tabloid, 1940)

PM correspondent Richard O. Boyer (1903 – 1973) was in Berlin in June of 1940 when Paris fell to the German Army. He was dumbstruck by the surprising gloominess that hung heavily upon the German people the week of that great victory:

"I could not understand it all and could scarcely believe the testimony of my own eyes. The scarlet banners with their black swastikas that garlanded the city everywhere in response to Hitler's orders seemed only to emphasize the worried melancholy. The victory bells that rang each day at noon acquired the sound of a funeral dirge when one looked at the tired, pinched faces of the Germans hurrying along the pavements ... When I expressed surprise to a glum man sitting near me he glanced impatiently up and only said, 'We celebrated once in 1914'."

 

The Liberation of Allied POWs in China (PM Tabloid, 1945)

 

Government Heath Care for California Migrants (PM Tabloid, 1940)

This is a report on the 1939 government-sponsored medical outreach program for "California's Grapes of Wrath migrants":

"The counties of San Joaquin Valley have well organized health departments... [Migrants] are entitled to drugs, special diets, eyeglasses and appliances if authorized by the medical director. Since many patients are in need not so much of medicines than of food, the Association may pay a medical grocery bill just as it pays the druggist. It also provides school lunches and nursery meals."

More on migrant laborers can be read here...

 

70,000 American Prisoners of War (PM Tabloid, 1945)

In a manly display of boastful "trash-talking" a few weeks before VE-Day, the over-burdened P.R. offices of the German high command issued a statement indicating that their military had in their possession some "70,000" U.S Prisoners of war. This was in contrast to the records kept by the Pentagon whose best guess stood in the neighborhood of 48,000.

"The statement revealed that 27 of the 78 prisoner of war camps in Germany have been overrun by the Red Army and U.S./British forces, and that 15,000 Yanks have been liberated."

 

FDR and Congress (PM Tabloid, 1943)

 

Identifying The War Criminals (PM Tabloid, 1945)

 

Reporter Under Fire (PM Tabloid, 1941)

CBS war correspondent Betty Wason (1912 - 2001) reported in a very chatty way about how the war was proceeding along the shores of the Southern Mediterranean Sea. Of particular interest was her observation regarding how thoroughly lame the Italian Army appeared to their opposite numbers in the Albanian Army. Rather than eliciting feelings of dread and hatred, the Italian soldiers were pitied for their poor skills - their bodies were plentiful on every battlefield.

 

British Attack Along The Mareth Line (PM Tabloid, 1943)

"The British have struck heavily at the Mareth Line in what both sides call the opening blow of the long-awaited big battle of Tunisia."

(The Mareth Line was a system of bunkers built by France in southern Tunisia during the late Thirties. The line was intended to protect Tunisia against an Italian invasion from its colony in Libya.)

 

The Dangers of the Bund (PM Tabloid, 1940)

Here is an article from the man who would soon be America's premiere spy-master: William "Wild Bill" Donovan. In this report he examined the Trojan horse tactics of the German "Foreign Organization":

"Children of Germans naturalized half a century ago are still counted German by Berlin and every effort is made to convince them of the fact... It is safe to say that a very fair proportion of the non-refugee Germans who have become American since Hitler came to power did so with the secret intention of turning free and democratic America into 'their' - that is, Hitler's - America."

 

The Question of Japanese Youth (PM Tabloid, 1945)

Far-flung correspondent Max Lerner (1902 - 1992) penned the attached editorial concerning the necessity of reëducation Japanese school children:

"The Japanese youth are the key to Japan's future. There were 12,000,000 of them in the elementary schools before the war, dressed in school uniforms, bowing before the Emperor's portrait every day on entering and leaving... The values taught to him were feudal and fascist values, but the weapons given him were modern weapons. This is the combination that produced the suicide-squadrons of the Kamikaze."

A similar article about German youth can be read here.

 

American Units Get Active (PM Tabloid, 1943)

Click here to read about the Rangers in North Africa.

 

Gandhi Urges Revolution (PM Tabloid, 1942)

"Mohandas K. Gandhi tonight summoned India's millions to rise in a struggle 'for freedom or death' after the full committee of the All-India Nationalist Congress approved by an overwhelming vote his call for mass passive resistance against British rule."

 

The Last Will of Dr. Mabuse (PM Tabloid, 1943)

"The reason the Nazis banned The Last Will of Dr. Mabuse was that it was a political preachment against Hitler 'socialism,' by a man [Fritz Lang] whose films were appreciated by the Germans as true interpretations of the social trends of post-war Germany... Lang's intention in the film was, in his own words, 'to expose the masked Nazi theory of the necessity to deliberately destroy everything which is precious to a people so that they would lose all faith in the institutions and ideals of the State. Then, when everything collapsed, they would try to find help in the new order.'

• Watch The Movie •

 

The Rationing of Meat (PM Tabloid, 1943)

 

The Life and Death of Trotsky (PM Tabloid, 1940)

Appearing in the pages of a slightly left-leaning New York paper was this obituary of Leon Trotsky (1879 - 1940).

 

A Most Memorable Jingle (PM Tabloid, 1940)

Coca-Cola may be the real thing, but in 1940 Pepsi had launched the ad that made Madison Avenue sit up straight and realize the true power of radio advertising. It was the famous radio jingle that we still hear today in every play, movie and TV show wishing to create the perfect Forties atmosphere - you know the one: Pepsi Cola hits the spot, etc., etc., etc. A real toe-tapper. The attached article will clue you-in to it's significance.

 

Tokyo POWs Liberated (PM Tabloid, 1945)

 

Bundist Arrested As Spy (PM Tabloid, 1942)

Johannes Kroeger, ex-leader of the German-American Bund was picked up by the FBI in the Fall of 1942 for espionage. Employed as a bus driver on Long Island, New York, Kroeger would regularly carry the employees of the Republic Aviation Company to and from work. When pressed for details, the FBI remarked:

"Workers in aviation plants talk too much."

 

The Partisan War (PM Tabloid, 1941)

 

 
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