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World War One - Versailles Treaty


A List of German Versailles Treaty Violations (Literary Digest, 1936)

This is an interesting article that announced the Germans march into the Rhineland as well as the island of Hegoland. The journalist also listed various other Versailles Treaty infractions.

Click here to read an additional article concerning the Versailles Treaty violations.

 

Calling Out the Kaiser, et al... (''Our Times'', 1936)

"[On January 16, 1920] the Peace Conference at Paris summoned Holland to yield the ex-Kaiser of Germany for trial... In its reply, issued January 23, Holland refused."

The conferees also demanded that Germany hand over some 850 German citizens to stand trial for numerous infractions; needless to say, nothing came of the request.

 

The French Army Moves into the Ruhr Valley (Literary Digest, 1923)

When Germany's post-war government failed to remit a portion of the 33 billion dollars it owed under it's obligations agreed to in the Versailles Treaty, France lost little time deploying her army into the coal rich regions of the Ruhr Valley. This article, illustrated with cartoons and maps, offers a collection of assorted observations and editorial opinions gathered from from across Europe concerning the event:

Premiere Poincare remarked, 'the french troops will remain in the Ruhr as long as may be necessary to assure the payment of reparations, but not a single day longer.'"

The French Army withdrew in 1930.

A young nerd named Adolf Hitler had some opinions about the 1923 Ruhr occupation, click here to read about him.

 

The Ongoing French Occupation of Germany (Literary Digest, 1928)

The attached article, written in 1928, reported on how heartily sick the Germans were at having to serve as hosts for three occupying armies as a result of a Versailles Treaty clause that mandated the Allied military occupation until 1935. The Foreign Minister of Germany, Dr Gustav Stresemann, made several eloquent pleas to the diplomatic community insisting that there was no need for the continuing encampments before he began submitting his bitter editorials to assorted European magazines, which are discussed herein:

"Friendship between France and Germany is impossible as long as Allied troops remain in the occupation area of the Rhineland..."

 

Allied Occupation of Germany Ends (The Pathfinder, 1930)

The foreign correspondent for PATHFINDER MAGAZINE filed this brief report about the goings-on in Germany on June 30, 1930, when the last Allied regiments had completed their occupation duties mandated under the Treaty of Versailles and withdrew to their own borders:

"For the most part the German population waited patiently until the last uniformed Frenchman had entrained and then they raised the German flags, [and] began to sing 'Deutschland Ueber Alles'..."

"President Hindenburg issued a proclamation saying in part:

'After long years of hardships and waiting, the demand of all Germans was today fulfilled. Loyalty to her fatherland, patient perseverance and common sacrifices have restored to the occupied territory the highest possession of every people - freedom.'"

 

The German Rebellion Against the Treaty (Literary Digest, 1923)

This 1923 German editorial by Professor Rudolf Euken (coincidentally published in THE EUKEN REVIEW) was accompanied by an anti-Versailles Treaty cartoon which attempted to rally the German working classes to join together in rebellion against the treaty.

"The so-called Peace of Versailles subjects the German people to unheard-of treatment; has injured and crippled Germany; has, with refined cruelty, deprived her of fertile territories; robbed her of sources indispensable to her existence; has heaped upon her huge burdens, and this for an indenite time - the intention being, if possible, to reduce her people to serfdom."

Click here to read another one of Rudolf Euken's post-war efforts.

Click here if you would like to read about the 1936 Versailles Treaty violations.

 


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