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|Iva Toguri (Yank Magazine, 1945)|
Throughout the course of the war in the Pacific, there were as many as twelve Japanese female radio commentators broadcasting assorted varieties of demoralizing radio programming to the American and Allied forces from Japan. However the Americans knew nothing of this collective and simply assumed that all the broadcasts were hosted by one woman, who they dubbed, "Tokyo Rose".
The story told in this article begins in the late summer of 1945 when:
"...one of the supreme objectives of American correspondents landing in Japan was Radio Tokyo. There they hoped to find someone to pass off as the one-and-only "Rose" and scoop their colleagues. When the information had been sifted a little, a girl named Iva Toguri (Iva Toguri D'Aquino: 1916 – 2006), emerged as the only candidate who came close to filling the bill. For three years she had played records, interspersed with snappy comments, beamed to Allied soldiers on the "Zero Hour"...Her own name for herself was "Orphan Ann."
Click here to read articles about post-war Japan.
Robert H. Best (Pic Magazine, 1943)
On July 26, 1943, in the same U.S. Federal Court that tried the American poet Ezra Pound (in absentia) for treason, Robert H. Best (1896 – 1952), formerly of the Associated Press, was also convicted on the same charges. What Iva Toguri (the alleged Tokyo Rose) was believed to have done for Hirohito, and what Pound did for Mussolini is what Best did for Adolf Hitler: he had broadcast Nazi radio propaganda.
You might also care to read about the American Bund.
Two Million Dead Men and the Advance of Feminism (Delineator Magazine, 1921)
What was keenly felt in the Great Britain of the 1920s was the distinct absence of two million men as a result of the First World War. This short article points out clearly that this was fertile ground for suffrage advancements, as well as any number of other social changes.
"England is the great human laboratory of our generation - England with her surplus of two million women, her restless, well-equipped, unsatisfied women".
Women Candidates Win Higher Offices (The Literary Digest, 1924)
"The majority of women being natural-born housekeepers, why shouldn't the infinite details of a Governor's office appeal to the female of the species?"
This deep thought was put to the public by the inquisitive souls at The Birmingham 'News' just four years after the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, which granted American women the right to vote.
The attached article concerns the 1924 elections which saw women swept into high political offices all across the fruited plain, among them:
• Mrs. Mariam A Ferguson as the Governor of Texas
• Mrs. Nellie T. Ross as the Governor of Wyoming
• Mrs. Mary T. Norton as a Representative of New Jersey
• Mrs. Florence Knapp as the New York Secretary of Sate.
The article continues in this vain, listing all significant offices that would soon be held by women and clearly indicates that the year 1924, for those who are mindful of the course of American political history, was a very different year.
In 1933 FDR named one of these women to serve as Director of the U.S. Mint...
The Very First Football Referee Hand Signals (Literary Digest, 1929)
With the widespread complaints on the rise from the football fans on the sidelines that they were completely in the dark as to why a play was called, the elders of the sport decided that action had to be taken to remedy the growing confusion...
"Hence a system of signals has been devised whereby the officials on the field can let the people in the stand know what is what. A gesture of the arm by the field official will immediately telegraph to the stands that Whoozis College's penalty was for slugging. Another wave will inform the inquisitive public that the forward pass was incomplete by being grounded."
The article is illustrated with eight photographs of assorted football penalty hand signals; none of the gestures have stood the test of time - the penalties have remained but today different signals indicate each infraction.
The Ascot (A Fashion Manual, 1906)
Illustrated herein are the five necessary steps needed to tie the perfect ascot knot.
Up until 1974, it was believed by many of the old salts in fashion history circles that the earliest surviving example of men wearing "neck-cloths" could be found on Trajan's column (113 A.D.); but then the "Terracotta Army" (221 B.C.) was unearthed in China which altered much of the thinking as to how old tied neck cloths actually are. Our era is one in which the future of the tie is unknown, but the attached file dates from 1906 which serve to illustrate for the average Joe, how best to tie an ascot.
How John Jacob Astor Died (New York Times, 1912)
Two eyewitness accounts relaying the last moments in the life of millionaire investor John Jacob Astor IV (born and his gallantry in refusing a place in the lifeboats. According to Mrs. Churchill Candee (born Helen Churchill Hungerford, 1859 - 1949)and Second Class passenger Hilda Slater (1882 - 1965) he lived up to the expected standards of the day:
"I saw Colonel John Jacob Astor hand his young wife into a boat tenderly and then ask an officer whether or not he might also go. When permission was refused he stepped back and coolly took out his cigarette case."
"'Good bye, dearie' he called gaily, as he lighted his cigarette and leaned over the rail, 'I'll join you later.'"
Iceberg Warnings as Early as January (Popular Mechanics, 1912)
The attached two paragraphs appeared in POPULAR MECHANICS MAGAZINE some six weeks prior to the maiden voyage of TITANIC:
"As many as 4,500 different bergs have been actually counted in a run of 2,000 miles; estimated heights of from 800 to 1,700 feet are not uncommon, and bergs with lengths of from 6 to 82 miles are numerous."
The notice indicated that if the Indian Ocean is suffering such a large number then certainly it can be surmised that the North Atlantic will be plagued doubly. It stands to reason that if the editors of this magazine were aware of the heavy presence of South-bound icebergs, then the naval community must also have been in the know.
The TITANIC Disaster (The Nation, 1912)
Not long after the Titanic disaster was made known, there were many rumors and half truths that had to be sorted out and recognized as such in order to fully understand the full scope of the catastrophe; the editors of THE NATION printed this article which contributed to that effort:
"...two terrible, damning facts stand out: the first, that the ship was speeding through an ice-field of the presence of which its officers were fully aware; the second, is that every life could readily have been saved had there been boats and rafts enough to keep people afloat in a clear, starry night on an exceptionally smooth Atlantic sea. Both these facts are indisputable."
"As for the lifeboats, these expensive affairs that could cost the large sum of $425.00 apiece - there were but twenty of them in addition to a few rafts..."
Socialism: A Financial Fantasy (Literary Digest, 1894)
This article was written long before the crumbling Euro and the economic collapse of Greece; it is an 1894 editorial that outlines why socialism will not work:
"He insists that all previous Social evolutions have meant an improvement in production and an increase in income, but the peculiarity of the Socialistic programme is that “it is to be not a money-making, but a money-spending evolution,” in which “everybody is to live a great deal better than he has been in the habit of living, and to have far more fun."
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