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African-American History - Lynchings

Lynching legislation info


American Lynchings on French Soil (New York Times, 1921)

(The article can be read here)
This article from 1921 reported on a disturbing series of lynchings that took place between the years 1917 through 1919 by U.S. Army personnel serving in France during the First World War. The journalist quotes witness after witness who appeared before a Senate Committee regarding the lynchings they had seen:

"Altogether...I saw ten Negroes and two white men hanged at Is-Sur-Tille. Twenty-eight other members of my command also witnessed these hangings and if necessary, I can produce them."

It was alleged that the murders were committed under the authority of American officers who willingly acted outside the law.

If you would like to read more about African-American service during W.W. I you may click here.

 

Lynching Record For The Year 1918 (The Crises, 1918)

Attached is a two page account of the sixty-four lynchings that took place during 1918; the names of the victims, dates, locations, and their alleged violations. There is no mention made concerning how the data was collected.

"According to THE CRISES records there were 64 Negroes, 5 of whom were Negro women, and four white men, lynched in the United States during the year 1918, as compared with 224 persons lynched and killed in mob violence during 1917, 44 of whom were lynchings of Negroes..."

 

1918 Lynchings Divided By Race, Year And State (The Crises, 1919)

A CRISES MAGAZINE numerical summary of the all the various lynchings that had been recorded in the United States between the years 1885 through 1918.

Additional lists are provided that give an account of the participating states for the year 1918, the genders of the victims and the racial group to which they belonged.

Click here for the Ku Klux Klan Archive.

 

The 1914 Lynchings (Harper's Weekly, 1915)

A short, uncredited article written in response to a report by Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) concerning a series of lynchings in 1914. There is a minute breakdown, by state, showing where each of the murders took place.

 

The Lynchings of 1916 (Literary Digest, 1917)

An end of the year round-up of the 1916 lynchings concentrating on the state of Georgia as the lynching champion for the second year in a row (Louisiana, Mississippi and Missouri were all tied for the 1914 title).

 

Anti-Lynching Law Debated in Congress (Congressional Digest, 1922)

Reproduced here are the two pages from the Congressional Digest of 1922 which are composed of both the outline of the proposed legislation as well as the debate of the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill.

The bill, which was introduced by Representative Leonidas C. Dyer (1871 - 1957)of Missouri, was intended to make lynching a felony that would have resulted in a short prison term and a $5,000.00 fine for all guilty participants. The proposed legislation passed the House of Representatives but not the Senate. Congressional debates concerning anti-lynching would be a topic for many years to come, however, the arguments presented against passage of this bill by the Southern Representatives make an interesting read.

 


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