The years 1927 through 1947 has largely been remembered as a victorious era for the Chinese Nationalists in their struggle against the Communist rebels under Mao Zedong (1893 – 1976). However, following Mao's 1947 retreat to Manchuria and the subsequent training and reforms that took place within his army, the Nationalist Chinese troops began to feel the humiliation of defeat until they made good their "strategic withdrawal" to Formosa (ie. Taiwan), where they have remained ever since.
This single page article goes into greater detain outlining the chronology of events.
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek stepped up to the plate and answered nine questions that were put to him by COLLIER'S editor Henry La Cossitt, concerning the future of democracy in China.
The review of J.O.P. Bland's "China: The Pity of It" which was written by Henry Kittredge Norton:
"Mr. Bland (1863 – 1945) has known his China for a third of a century and he is convinced that if that unhappy country has moved at all in the last three decades, it has moved backwards...Without relieving the Chinese of their share of the responsibility in the premises, the half-baked liberalism of the west - by which is meant Great Britain and the United States for the most part -is found to be the chief cause of expanding disaster in China..."
Available at Amazon: China - The Pity Of It
Attached is a 1927 American magazine article that reported on the Soviet influence taking place in China. Attention is paid to the activities of a young Soviet named Karl Berngardovich Radek (born Karol Sobelsohn: 1885 - 1939, and pictured above):
"Russia has been the only country to assist the Nationalist China movement to which they all hope to devote their lives. Men who believe in the 'dictatorship of the proletariat' have furnished much of the brain-power that has organized, directed and articulated the Chinese popular uprising in it's successful Northern drive...As far as foreign culture is concerned, China is still much more deeply steeped in American and British idealism than in those of modern Russia"
An excerpt from a longer article written by an eyewitness concerning the atrocities that took place in 1927 Nanking as the victorious Nationalists forces entered the city. Reference is made to the bombarding of that city by both British and American gunboats.
Click here to read about the 1937 sacking of Nanking.
A dispatch from the old China watcher Lewis S. Gannett was printed in the left-leaning American magazine, THE NATION:
"All China has been won to half the Nationalist program - that which is directed to the reestablishment of national independence. The fundamental conflict between 'moderates' and 'extremists' is, I think, between short-sighted men who think that the Nationalist passion can subside without causing fundamental changes in China's social fabric, and those who recognize the inevitability of industrialization in China and are determined that their country shall not pass through all the miserable phases of capitalistic industrialism which created a disinherited proletariat in the West."