No examination concerning the popularity of atheism and agnosticism in the Twentieth Century would be complete without mentioning the writings of Joseph McCabe (1867–1955). Earlier in his life he was known as Father Anthony, a British priest who lorded over a small Catholic college until his interest in rationalism devoured his faith and he abandoned the cloth for the Freethought Movement. A prolific writer, he authored one volume in 1915, The War and the Churches, that put forth the notion that the church was complicit in the 1914-1918 war.
The attached is a book review of McCabe's 1921 A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Rationalists, in which the reader will "find the names of 3,000 men and women who [are] described as the elite of the heretics of modern times".
Chances are pretty slim that Jesus of Nazareth was a button-nose blondy - so pink of cheek, with eyes of blue - yet, time and again, this was the manner in which he was rendered by the Christians of the Gilded Age. When the African-American magazine THE CRISES began to run illustrated advertisements depicting Christ as anything but a white fellow you better believe there were some letters addressed to their editors on the issue. The attached article was their response to these outraged readers.
This is a book review written during the American Civil War, of a British work titled, "Does the Bible Sanction American Slavery" by a well known anti-imperialist of the time named Goldwin Smith (1823-1910).
"The Southern people tell us, that, under their training, the African has become a Christian. When they receive their runaway negroes, who are sent back to them in obedience to the law, as fellow-Christians, "not as servants, but as brothers beloved", the mission of St. Paul and his Master to both will be accomplished".
Presbyterian preacher Billy Sunday (William Ashley Sunday, 1862 - 1935) was, without a doubt, one of the leading figures advocating for the adoption of Prohibition in 1919. When it became clear to many that Prohibition was causing far more problems than it solved, he continued to strongly support the legislation, and after its repeal in 1933, the Preacher called for its reinstatement.
"Mr. Sunday pays his compliments to New York and gratefully revises his first impressions. He declares that when he first saw the big building(s) he believed "they were right when they called it the 'graveyard of evangelism'".
Texas is today an American state that is almost entirely Catholic, however this was not always the case, as this short article makes clear. During the young Twentieth Century the Catholic Arch Dioces saw fit to harness the wonders of the internal combustion engine and create a "mobile chapel" in order to help bring an end to the Protestant dominance of Texas. However, in the end it was not the "Churchmobile" per se that raised the number of Catholics in the region so much as the rising tide of uncontrolled immigration from the bordering nation of Mexico.
In it's defense, however, it should be noted that the "Churchmobile" did get remarkable mileage.